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Biography of Banda Singh Bahadur

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Banda Singh Bahadur was a Sikh military pioneer, who established a Sikh state, which had its capital at Lohgarh in exhibit day Haryana. According to his educator Guru Gobind Singh’s recommendation, Banda Singh Bahadur amassed an armed force in Kaithal and after that walked towards Khanda. Banda Bahadur crushed the Mughal armed force, driven by Wazir Khan, in the ‘Skirmish of Samana’ (1709) and proceeded with his battle against the Mughal Empire.

photo via wikipedia

Master Gobind Singh likewise named five Sikhs to help Banda. In spite of the fact that he was a prepared warrior, Banda Bahadur was additionally a parsimonious, who had disavowed common joys at 15 years old. He had even settled a religious house at Nanded in exhibit day Maharashtra. Banda Bahadur’s notoriety achieved its pinnacle when he annulled the zamindari framework to in this way give finish proprietorship on ranchers. He sacked Samana and set up his power in Punjab. Banda Singh Bahadur was, be that as it may, caught by the Mughals, and tormented to death on June 9, 1716.


Adolescence and Early Life

Banda Singh Bahadur was conceived Lachman Dev on October 27, 1670, at Rajauri, Poonch in exhibit day Jammu and Kashmir. Since he was naturally introduced to a Rajput family, Lachman Dev learned aptitudes like chasing, horse riding, combative techniques, and dealing with weaponry at an exceptionally youthful age. Having a characteristic partiality with bow and bolts, he started chasing in his initial teenagers.

When he was 15, he shot and executed a doe amid one of his chasing endeavors. Minutes in the wake of killing the doe, Lachman Dev understood that he had committed a grave error as the bolt, which had punctured the doe’s body, uncovered unborn twin calves that passed on directly before his eyes. After seeing the bloody passing of the unborn twin calves, Lachman meandered looking for specific answers, which constrained him to leave his home and desert common joys at 15 years old.

Lachman Dev was no more abnormal to holy people and heavenly men, as his dad Ram Dev had regularly given nourishment and safe house to sacred men. He before long turned into an adherent of a sadhu named Ram Daas and afterward took after another sadhu named Janaki Daas, who changed his name from Lachman Dev to Madho Das. Since he was a Bairagi sadhu, he came to be known as Madho Das Bairagi.

photo via wikipedia
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal at the commemorative event to mark the 300th anniversary of the martyrdom of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

Like a genuine drifter, Madho Das began moving from put to-put, before achieving Panchavati in the present-day Nashik, Maharashtra. In Panchavati, he turned into a devotee of Aughhar Nath and began serving his lord with most extreme commitment. Subsequent to serving Aughhar Nath for a long time, Madho Das was honored by Aughhar Nath, post which he built up the ranges of abilities to perform divination, as per numerous records.

Madho Das Bairagi went ahead to build up a religious community at Nanded in introduce day Maharashtra. He made Nanded his home and was gone by numerous blessed men. In September 1708, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, went by his cloister, post which Madho Das progressed toward becoming Guru Gobind Singh’s supporter. Master Govind Singh persuaded Madho that he was a Sikh and even sanctified through water him, before giving him his new name, Gur Bakhsh Singh. Over some undefined time frame, Gur Bakhsh Singh ended up popular as a military leader, acquiring his new name Banda Singh Bahadur, which would remain his most well known name. The name ‘Banda’ was given to him as he called himself a ‘banda’ (slave) of Guru Gobind Singh when he initially met the Guru.


Sikh Rule

Master Gobind Singh persuaded Banda Singh Bahadur to abandon his plain way of life to accomplish something more prominent. He doled out Banda Bahadur an imperative assignment of liberating the pure individuals of Punjab from the grip of the Mughals as individuals having a place with any religion other than Islam were subjected to consistent abuse by the Mughals. Likewise, the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah had before guaranteed Guru Gobind Singh that he would rebuff Nawab Wazir Khan, the Governor of Sirhind for perpetrating different wrongdoings against average citizens in Punjab, yet the sovereign was hesitant to satisfy his guarantee. This had infuriated Guru Gobind Singh, who looked for Banda Bahadur’s assistance to show Wazir Khan a thing or two and along these lines prevail with regards to sparing numerous honest lives all the while.

Master Gobind Singh started him into a network of Sikh warriors called ‘Khalsa’ and delegated him as his new military leader. The Guru likewise summoned a warning chamber of five gifted Sikhs with a specific end goal to help Banda Bahadur in his undertaking. Alongside the committee of five Sikhs, who were on the whole known as ‘Hazuri Singhs,’ Guru Gobind Singh additionally selected 25 troopers, who were to fill in as protectors of Banda Bahadur. Likewise, he was given a ‘Hukamnama’ (Guru’s request), which asked every one of the Sikhs to join Banda Bahadur in his battle against the Mughals. In October 1708, Banda Bahadur and his men began walking towards Punjab to wage a war against Wazir Khan. Before achieving Punjab, Banda Bahadur had figured out how to assemble a multitude of 40,000 men, including 4000 horsemen and 7800 men on the gunnery. In 1709, he vanquished the Mughal powers, driven by Wazir Khan, in the Battle of Samana.

source youtube

Subsequent to catching the city of Samana, the Sikhs accessed the city’s huge riches, which helped them turn out to be fiscally steady. Banda Bahadur at that point caught places like Mustafabad, Sadhora, Malerkotla, Nahan, and different Cis-Sutlej conditions of Punjab. In the mean time, Wazir Khan, who was prior vanquished in the ‘Skirmish of Samana,’ came back with fortifications, which prompted the ‘Clash of Chappar Chiri’ in 1710. On May 12, Wazir Khan was executed in the fight and Sirhind, which was a vital Mughal domain in Punjab, was caught by the Sikhs. The region, which stretched out from River Sutlej to River Yamuna, was currently under Banda Bahadur’s control. He went ahead to set up his capital at Mukhlisgarh, which was later renamed by him as Lohgarh.

Banda Bahadur began issuing his own mint at Lohgarh. He even sent his men to places like Saharanpur, Jalalabad, and Muzaffarnagar to convey alleviation to the persecuted populace there. Banda Bahadur kept on growing his domain by rising successful against the Mughals in the ‘Clash of Rahon,’ in 1710. Banda Bahadur’s activities and valiance enlivened numerous Sikhs to fight for their rights in places like Jalandhar and Amritsar.

Utilizing their newly discovered power, the Sikhs expelled degenerate authorities from imperative positions and supplanted them with upright authorities. Banda Bahadur likewise put a conclusion to the zamindari framework and offered finish proprietorship on ranchers, which made him extremely prominent.

He was drawn nearer by the general population from the neighboring city of Sadaura for his assistance. This prompted the ‘Skirmish of Sadhaura,’ in which the Sikhs overwhelmed the Sayyids and Shaikhs to free hundreds from the grasp of their detestable proprietors.


Mughal Persecution

At the point when Punjab went under the control of the Sikhs, the course amongst Delhi and Lahore was impeded, which did not run down well with the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah. Subsequently, he chose to manage Banda Bahadur himself and guided his commanders to join his armed force to thrashing and murder Banda Bahadur. At the point when Banda Bahadur was in Uttar Pradesh, the Mughal armed force driven by Munim Khan caught Sirhind and the encompassing zones. Nonetheless, the Mughals neglected to catch Banda Bahadur, which made awesome concern Bahadur Shah. After Bahadur Shah’s death on February 27, 1712, Farrukh Siyar turned into the Mughal Emperor in the wake of slaughtering Bahadur Shah’s successor, Jahandar Shah.

source youtube

Farrukh Siyar took up Bahadur Shah’s incomplete mission of catching Banda Bahadur. Consequently, he selected Abdus Samad Khan as the legislative head of Lahore, trusting Samad Khan’s armed force would have the capacity to repress Banda Bahadur’s powers. In March 1715, Abdus Samad Khan and his armed force were effective in driving Banda Bahadur and his men into a town called Gurdas Nangal. They at that point laid attack to the whole town for eight back to back months, which debilitated Banda Bahadur and his armed force. Abdus Samad Khan, who had been sitting tight for the correct minute, chose to lead his powers into the town on December 7, 1715, and figured out how to catch Banda Bahadur and his men.



Banda Singh Bahadur and his men were bolted up and tormented by the Mughal warriors. The torturers gave Banda and his men two choices – change over to Islam or face passing. At the point when Banda’s men declined to change over, they were tormented and executed in broad daylight. In the wake of experiencing different torment and mortification amid his constrainment time of three months, Banda Singh Bahadur was executed on June 9, 1716. Different records express that Banda was tormented past creative energy before his demise. These records express that his eyes were gouged out, appendages disjoined, and skin peeled utilizing super hot pliers. Banda’s solitary child Ajai Singh was additionally executed mercilessly by the Mughals.



The passing of Banda Singh Bahadur incensed numerous Sikh warriors, who pledged to convey forward the heritage of Banda Bahadur by going to bat for their rights. Warriors like Sardar Budh Singh, Nawab Kapur Singh, and Baba Deep Singh kept the light of the Khalsa consuming, which assumed a noteworthy part in Sikhs ruling the area of Punjab. A long time later, Fateh Burj, which is India’s tallest minar, was worked to respect Banda Singh Bahadur and his forfeit. In 2016, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi remembered Baba Banda Singh Bahadur’s 300th affliction commemoration.

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