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Biography of Guru Tegh Bahadur

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Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Sikh Guru, regularly adored as the ‘Defender of Humanity’ (Srisht-di-Chadar) by the Sikhs. Known as an awesome instructor, Guru Tegh Bahadur was likewise a great warrior, mastermind, and writer, who composed point by point depiction of the idea of God, brain, body, and physical connections in addition to other things otherworldly. His works are housed in the hallowed content, ‘Guru Granth Sahib,’ as 116 beautiful psalms.

photo via wikipedia

He was likewise an eager explorer and assumed a key job in setting up lecturing focuses all through the Indian subcontinent. Amid one such mission, he established the town of Chak-Nanki in Punjab, which later turned into a piece of Punjab’s Anandpur Sahib. In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was constrained by the then Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb to surrender his confidence and convert to Islam. When he won’t, the Sikh Guru was guillotined on November 24, 1675, in Delhi.


Early Life

Guru Tegh Bahadur was conceived Tyag Mal on April 1, 1621, in Amritsar, Panjab. He was destined to the 6th Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind, and his significant other, Mata Nanaki. As a kid, Tyag Mal learnt Sanskrit, Hindi, and Gurmukhi from the worshipped Sikh researcher, Bhai Gurdas. While horsemanship and bows and arrows was educated to him by Baba Buddha ji, Guru Hargobind showed him swordsmanship.

At the point when Tyag Mal was only 13 years of age, he went with his dad to a fight against the Mughals, who had laid attack to Kartarpur. On account of Guru Hargobind and Tyag Mal, Kartarpur was effectively safeguarded by the Sikhs. For showing incredible valor and military aptitudes in the fight, Guru Hargobind gave to his child the title ‘Tegh Bahadur,’ which actually signifies ‘overcome sword wielder.’ Tyag Mal from this time forward came to be known as Tegh Bahadur.

In 1632, Tegh Bahadur got hitched to Mata Gujri. At this point, Tegh Bahadur had started to invest quite a bit of his energy in reflection and had bit by bit isolated himself. In 1644, Guru Hargobind requested that Tegh Bahadur move to a town, Bakala, alongside his significant other and his mom. The following two decades saw Tegh Bahadur invest the vast majority of his energy contemplating in an underground room in Bakala, where he would later be perceived as the ninth Sikh Guru. Amid his stay in Bakala, Tegh Bahadur voyaged widely and even visited Delhi to meet Guru Har Krishan, the eighth Sikh Guru.

photo via wikipedia


In 1664, Guru Har Krishan’s wellbeing was gravely influenced by smallpox, which at last prompted his passing on March 30, 1664. While on his demise bed, Guru Har Krishan was asked who might be his successor to which he basically articulated the words ‘Baba’ and ‘Bakala,’ which suggested that the following Guru would be found in Bakala. At the point when the word about the following Sikh Guru spread, numerous frauds settled down in Bakala and professed to be the following Guru for money related and other inconsequential increases. This prompted disarray among the Sikhs as it made the undertaking of finding the genuine Sikh Guru extremely troublesome.

In the mean time, a well off dealer named Baba Makhan Shah Labana had once been gotten in an intense tempest, which had nearly upset his ship. Amid the occurrence, Baba Makhan Shah felt vulnerable and henceforth petitioned God that he would offer 500 gold coins to the Guru, should he be spared from the tempest. Subsequent to being spared phenomenally, Baba Makhan Shah went looking for Guru Har Krishan, when he was educated about the death of the Guru. He was additionally educated that Guru Har Kishan had pronounced that the following Guru will be found in Bakala.

At the point when Baba Makhan Shah Labana landed in Bakala on August 1664, he was astonished to see upwards of 22 shams professing to be the ninth Sikh Guru. Baba Makhan Shah reviewed his petition and after that began giving without end two Dinars to each sham. Not surprisingly, every one of the fakers left joyfully subsequent to getting two Dinars. Baba Makhan Shah, who was baffled for not having met the genuine Guru, was taken to Tegh Bahadur on August 10, 1664. After observing Tegh Bahadur, Baba Makhan Shah set two Dinars previously him, for which Tegh Bahadur answered by saying, ‘why two when you swore 500?’ Upon hearing those words, Baba Makhan Shah put 500 gold coins previously Tegh Bahadur and began hollering with fervor, ‘Guru ladho re’ (I have discovered the Guru). Hereafter, Tegh Bahadur was announced as the ninth Sikh Guru.

photo via wikimedia


Guru Tegh Bahadur began venturing out to different parts of the nation with the end goal to lecture the lessons of the main Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. He likewise began spreading the message of Sikhism, while helping those in need. In 1664, Guru Tegh Bahadur visited Kiratpur thrice for three distinct reasons. Amid his first visit on August 21, 1664, the Guru met with Bibi Rup, the little girl of the seventh Sikh Guru, who was grieving the demise of her dad and additionally that of her sibling. The second visit was provoked by the demise of Bassi, the mother of the seventh Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai. The third visit denoted the finish of a long voyage through the northwestern Indian subcontinent.

On one of his visits to Bilaspur, Guru Tegh Bahadur met with Rani Champa of Bilaspur, who offered him a real estate parcel. The Guru demanded paying her 500 rupees for the land, where he established a city called Anandpur Sahib.

Some of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s works are included the ‘Guru Granth Sahib’ and cover a scope of points, including nature of God, mind, body, physical connections, and so forth. In 1672, the Guru went through the North-West Frontier, where the oppression of non-Muslims was at its pinnacle.



At the point when the then Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb constrained the Brahmin researchers of Kashmir to change over to Islam, the Brahmins moved toward Guru Tegh Bahadur for an answer. The Guru sent them back with a message to Aurangzeb, which expressed that the Mughal sovereign could change over the Brahmins in the event that he prevails with regards to changing over Guru Tegh Bahadur. A couple of days after his announcement, Guru Tegh Bahadur was captured alongside two or three his devotees, to be specific Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Dayal Das. At the point when the trio declined to change over to Islam regardless of being tormented, Aurangzeb requested their execution. While Mati Das was sawn to death, Dayal Das was thrown into an immense cauldron of bubbling water. On November 24, 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was guillotined in Delhi for facing the Mughal ruler.


Effect of the Execution

Post Guru Tegh Bahadur’s execution, the Sikhs turned out to be more flexibility than any other time in recent memory. Numerous Sikh sanctuaries were worked in the memory of Guru Tegh Bahadur and his expired supporters. ‘Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib’ was worked in Chandni Chowk, where the Guru was executed. After his execution, the disjoined leader of the Guru was reclaimed to Punjab by one of his devotees named Bhai Jaita. Subsequent to incinerating his head, another Sikh sanctuary was worked there. The Guru’s forfeit keeps on helping the supporters to remember the Sikh religion to remain consistent with their confidence.



Upon Guru Tegh Bahadur’s execution, his child Gobind Singh turned into the tenth Sikh Guru and came to be known as Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Tegh Bahadur’s execution left a permanent impact on Guru Gobind Singh, who was only nine years of age around then. Accordingly, Guru Gobind Singh sorted out the Sikh gathering so that it in the long run turned into an unmistakable and image designed network. Likewise, the Sikhs started to concentrate more on viewpoints like valiance and self-protection, which offered ascend to the ‘Khalsa.’

Various spots, including instructive establishments and healing centers have been named after Guru Tegh Bahadur. While a large number of these spots are situated in Punjab, there are a few places in different parts of India, which have been named after Guru Tegh Bahadur. While Maharashtra has a few instructive establishments named after him, places like New Delhi and Uttar Pradesh as well, have various schools and universities that have been named after the considerable Sikh Guru.

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