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Chalukya Dynasty

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The Chalukyas were prevailing power in the Deccan amid sixth to eighth century AD. Furthermore, again amid tenth century AD, they recaptured their energy and ruled till 12 century. The Chalukyas who ruled from Badami were the Western Chalukyas. The person who ruled from Kalyani are alluded as Later Western Chalukyas and the Chalukyas of Vengi are referred to the students of history as the Eastern Chalukyas. The fabulous history of the Chalukyas makes their root exceptionally questionable.
They asserted plunge from Pulakesin I (ruled 543-566), who created himself at Badami (in Bijapur) and who declared their autonomy at the decay of the Satavahana domain and quickly rose to conspicuousness amid the rule of Pulakesin II (ruled 609?642).

The Early Chalukyas held power in northern Karnataka from the sixth century until 757, and were adversaries to the Pallavas. Vengi (in East Andhra Pradesh) turned into the inside of the Eastern Chalukya tradition, which governed there from 624 until the eleventh century, surviving the fall of the Early Chalukyas in Badami.

The Late Chalukyas picked up command in the Deccan around 973, focused at Kalyani. The historical backdrop of the Kalyani Chalukya kingdom was generally one of war with the Cholas and resistance against the attacks of the Turks and Arabs who were ravaging North India. The kingdom separated in 1189.


photo via wikipedia
photo via wikipedia

Pulakesin-I: With the unassuming starting under Jayasimha and his child Ranaraga, Chalukyas ruled from around 535 to 566 AD. Be that as it may the genuine line is known to be established by the Maharaja Pulakesin-I. Pulakesi-I took up numerous titles, for example, Satyasraya and was a researcher as well. Despite the fact that not any successes are credited to him, he is expressed to have ruled from Badami, the present day Bijapur.

Kritivirman – I: Pulakesin – I was succeeded by his child Kritivirman – I. He built a few sanctuaries and structures in the town of Vatapi. The political impact of Chalukyas spread over a more extensive locale grasping southern piece of Maharastra, Mysore and Tamilnadu. He vanquished the leaders of Vanga, Anga, Kalinga, Vattura, Magadha ……. He is likewise expressed to have separated the alliance of Kadambas.

Mangalesa: Mangalesa, the sibling of Kritivirman-I rose the throne in 598 AD. The Kalachuris were vanquished by Mangalesa and the entire of focal and northern maratha nation was brought into the region. The possible common was in the middle of Mangalesa and his nephew Pulakesi-II cost Mangalesa his own life.

Pulakesi-II: Pulakesi rose the throne in 610 AD and ruled till 642 AD. The rule was not a luxurious situation for him, different parts of Chalukyas accepted freedom. The inside defiance and the incessant intrusion by Appayika and Govinda were inevitably quelled. He made Gangas of south Mysore to submit, Mauryas of Konkan were crushed as well.

These triumphs brought him into contact with Harsha and in 637 AD Harsha was vanquished when Harsha had attacked Kathiawad. He crushed Pallava lord Mahendra Varman -I, and crossed the Cauvery stream and made companions with the Cholas, Keralas and Pandyas. Since Pallavas were not completely smashed, they took exact retribution and assaulted Pulakesi-II. Pulakesi-II seems to have been murdered in the fight, and the Chalukya realm started to decay.

Vikramaditya – I: After the demise of Pulakesi-II, Badami and a portion of the southern regions stayed in the hand of Pallavas. Despite the fact that Chalukyas throne stayed empty from 642 AD – 655 AD, Vikramaditya-I figured out how to rise the throne in 655 AD. He recouped Badami and brought the entire kingdom under his control.

Vinayaditya: The following successor Vinayaditya ruled from 681 to 696 AD and carried on crusades against Cholas, Pandyas, Pallavas, Aluvas ….. By overcoming the Lord of the entired Uttarapatha, he gained the flag Palidhvaja. His prompt successor Vijayaditya ruled for almost fourty years (696 AD – 733 AD). His rule was expressed to have been quiet all through.

Vikramaditya – II: Vikaramaditya-II was a child of Vijayaditya. He governed from 734 AD – 745 AD. He vanquished the Pallava ruler consequently putting off the proceeding with dangers. With this victory, he took ownership of musical instruments, flag, elephants, rubies which had a place with the Pallavas. He demolished the force of the Chola, Kerala, Pandya.

Kritivarman – II: The child of Vikramaditya-II, Kritivarman – II succeeded to rule for the following eleven years. He was the last and heavenly leader of Chalukyas. For the following fifty years, the Chalukya force was completely overshadowed by the Rashtrakutas. Dantidurga crushed Kritivarman-II to pick up the control of Chalukyas once for all. The consequent endeavor by Kritivarman-II to recapture the control was vain. The Rashtrakutas remained the preeminent force for the following two centuries until the same was annihilated by the later Western Chalukyas of Kalyani.


photo via wikipedia
photo via wikipedia

The organizer of the later Western Chalukyas was Taila or Tailapa-II. He united his domain with the assistance of prior Chalukya family and with the assistance of Kadambas and recuperated a great part of the lost regions of prior Chalukyas. Kadambas were remunerated with the decision of Banavasi and Goa. Taila succeeded by his child Satyasraya. Satyasraya won a triumph against Raja Chola who had attacked Satyasraya’s locale. Raja’s domains were in this way vanquished by him.

The successors of Satyasraya were Dasavarman, Vikramaditya-V, Jayasimha-I and Jagadhekamalla. Jayasimha repulsed intrusions from the North and the southern intrusion from the Chola King Rajendra. He moved his capital from Malkhed to Kalyana (in Bidar). Jagadekamalla is expressed to have vanquished Bhoja the leader of Malava alliance and Chedi King.

The successor Somesvara-I (1043 – 1068), the child of Jayasimha ousted Rajadhiraja Chola, however the capital was at that point ravaged by the Cholas preceding it. Engraving expresses that he broke the progression of Rajendra Chola by executing him. Somesvara-I favored his second child Vikramaditya as his successor, yet the recent declined the honor for the senior Somesvara-II.

Vikramaditya vanquished Cholas, Keralas, Ceylon, … as an armed force pioneer of his sibling. Somesvara-II soon fell into fiendishness ways and soon lost the reliability of his sibling towards him. Vikramaditya ruled the southern piece of the kingdom autonomously.

Vikramaditya likewise got accommodation from the leader of konkan, and soon walked against Vira Rajendra Chola, the last sued for peace by giving his little girl to wed Vikramaditya. At the point when Vira Rajendra passed on, Vikramaditya put his brother by marriage named Adhi-Rajendra on the throne of Cholas. After his brother by marriage got executed, Vikramaditya was crushed by the Eastern Chalukya ruler Jayasimha and was given with the governship of Bellary.

Again in 1076, Vikramaditya took the assistance of Hoysala and rose the throne as Vikramaditya-VI. The two incredible authors, named Bhilhana and Vijnaneswara thrived in the court of Vikramaditya-VI. The following successor Somesvara-III was more intrigued by abstract matters and permitted Vishnuvardhana Hoysala to take a chance to announce freedom. Someswara-III was succeeded by Jagadhekamalla-II who ruled from 1135 – 1151 AD. Hoysalas attacked the Chalukya domain. Taila-III showed up on the throne to run for the following thirteen years. He was caught by the Kakatiya intruder Prola-I and the president of Taila-III, Bijjala Kalachuri caught the throne

Bijjala Kalachuri fortified the position of his kingdom. The kingdom saw quick progression after his rule. Somesvara (1168 – 1177 AD), Sankama-II (1177- 1180 AD), Ahavamalla (1180 – 1183 AD) and Singhana (1183 – 1184 AD) controlled gently in progression. Be that as it may, the Chalukyas had the capacity recoup their domain under the initiative of Somesvara-IV, the child of Taila-III.

His suzerainty was recognized by the last Kalachuri ruler Singhana. He soon picked up fidelity of Kadambas of both Goa and Banavasi, and Pandyas of Uchchangi. With the assault from the Hoysalas under Vira Ballala-I and the Yadavas of Devagiri, the later Western Chalukya administration arrived at and end in around 1190 AD.


photo via youtube
photo via youtube

This administration was an extension of the Chalukyas of Badami. Pulakesin II, the prestigious leader of Chalukyas vanquished Vengi (close Eluru) in A.D.624 and introduced his sibling Kubja Vishnuvardhana (A.D.624- -641) as its ruler. His line, known as the Eastern Chalukyas, ruled for almost four centuries. Vishnuvardhana extended his domains up to Srikakulam in the north and Nellore in the south.

He was succeeded by his child Jayasimha I (A.D.641- -673). In the middle of A.D.641 and A.D.705 a few rulers, aside from Jayasimha I and Mangi Yuvaraju, (A.D.681- -705) ruled for brief time. At that point took after a time of turmoil described by family quarrels and frail rulers. In the in the mean time, the Rashtrakutas of Malkhed removed Chalukyas of Badami. The feeble leaders of Vengi needed to meet the test of the Rashtrakutas, who overran their kingdom more than once.

There was no Eastern Chalukya ruler who could check them until Gunaga Vijayaditya came to power in A.D.848. He additionally neglected to face the Rashtrakutas, and the then Rashtrakuta ruler Amoghavarsha regarded him as his partner. After Amoghavarsha’s passing, Vijayaditya broadcasted freedom. He began on a crusade toward the south and made some eminent progress. He controlled for a long time and passed away in A.D.892.

He was succeeded by his sibling’s child, Chalukya Bhima (A.D.892- -921). Rashtrakutas again assaulted the Vengi kingdom amid this period yet were shocked viably by Vengi and went to a comprehension with Rashtrakutas and regarded them as his associates. They found themselves able to keep up their autonomy till the Chalukyas of Kalyani in A.D.973 toppled the Rashtrakutas. Peers toward the Eastern Chalukyas were the Eastern Gangas in the upper east and the Pallavas in the south.

Among the minor Chalukya families that administered parts of Andhra, those of Vemulavada (in no time in Karimnagar locale) are the most imperative. Their tenet stretched out over the present-day Karimnagar and Nizamabad locale. As subordinate rulers faithful to the Rashtrakutas, they controlled with semi-autonomous status for around two centuries (A.D.755- -968). The tenet of the Vemulavada Chalukyas corresponded with that of the Rashtrakutas.

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