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The principal pyramid to be worked at Dashur was the pyramid that we now know as the “Bent” Pyramid of Sneferu. The lower courses of the pyramid were worked at an edge of 54 to 55 degrees, yet the upper courses at a lower edge of 43 degrees, giving it the special shape which has prompted to its advanced name. When it was built it was called “Sneferu is sparkling in the south” since it was clad in cleaned Tura limestone.
It is suspected that it was inherent three discrete stages. To begin with the structure was planned to have an incline of about 60 degrees. This was diminished to 55 degrees and the base was augmented. At long last, when the pyramid was right around forty-five meters high, the slant was diminished again to forty-five degrees. There are two fundamental hypotheses in regards to the adjustment in edge of the incline of the pyramid.
The main hypothesis recommends that the point was lessened when Sneferu understood that his pyramid at meidum was at that point starting to fall and chose this was on account of the edge was excessively steep. The second hypothesis is that Sneferu chose that building works were taking too long, maybe because of his propelling age, and he chose to lessen the edge to diminish the amount of stone work required to complete the pyramid.
The way that Sneferu went ahead to work no less than one more pyramid (the Red Pyramid) after the Bent Pyramid make this last hypothesis impossible. In any case, it is now and again recommended that the one of a kind outline of the pyramid was arranged from the begin for a few yet obscure religious reason, yet this hypothesis is dismisses by generally specialists.
The pyramid complex was encompassed by a fenced in area divider shaped from yellowish-dim nearby limestone. Inside this divider sit the principle pyramid, a satellite pyramid, a little morgue sanctuary and a little patio from which the interstate drove out towards the valley sanctuary.
Layout of the Pyramid
The Bent Pyramid is special in having two passages. The principal passage is on the north face around twelve meters over the ground level. From that point an entry slides to an even section prompting to an expansive vestibule fixed with gigantic limestone chunks and highlighting a corbelled rooftop. At the furthest end of the waiting room a lofty stairway paves the way to the fundamental internment chamber which likewise has a corbelled rooftop. A short passageway leads out of the internment chamber toward the south west where it meets a vertical shaft (known as the “stack”) which is adjusted to the vertical hub of the pyramid.
The second passageway is on the west face around one meter imperceptibly over the ground level. A sliding hall with two portcullis obstructions prompts to a corbelled upper chamber which is cut into the brick work of the pyramid itself. The remaining parts of huge cedar bars were found in openings in the south mass of this chamber and part of the chamber was loaded with unpleasant stone work some of which was bound with mortar.
The reason for the bars and the workmanship is indistinct however it is guessed that they may have shaped a base or cover for the sarcophagus or they may have been proposed to shore up the dividers to keep the landmark dying down. The cartouche of Sneferu shows up in unrefined red ink on squares in this chamber yet specialists don’t concur on whether Sneferu was covered in this chamber. An associating path joins the upper chamber with the chambers associated with the north passage.
It is proposed by some that the entry interfacing the upper chamber and the lower chambers spoke to an endeavor to combine the customary stellar philosophy in which rooms are sorted out on a north-south hub and the more up to date sunlight based religious philosophy in which introduction is east-west. It is likewise suggested that the western structures have an indistinguishable reason from the southern tomb of the progression pyramid of Djoser. Different specialists conjecture that there might be more chambers covered up inside the body of the pyramid.
The pyramid complex incorporates a little sanctuary on the east side of the pyramid which was initially built in Tura limestone and later broadened with mudbricks. The sacrificial table of this sanctuary was framed from two vast stele and three huge squares of limestone taking after the pictograph “htp” (“hotep” – offering) Little of this sanctuary remains, however stumps of the two stele arranged behind the sanctuary can even now be seen.
This valley sanctuary might be the first of its kind, however starting here on the valley sanctuary was a standard component of the pyramid complex. The design of the sanctuary has components regularly connected with valley sanctuaries and components all the more frequently connected with funeral home sanctuaries.
The sanctuary was rectangular with three fundamental areas of generally equivalent size. The passage in the south face was surrounded by wooden columns and flanked by four stockpiling loads. Amid the Middle Kingdom a limestone stele from the tomb of Netjeraperef was added to the entryway. The dividers were embellished with delineations of the exemplified nomes: the nomes of Upper Egypt on the east divider and the nomes of Lower Egypt on the west divider.
In the northern part of the sanctuary there was a patio with ten limestone columns. The columns were painted red and the dividers finished with scenes from the Heb Sed Festival of Sneferu. Behind the yard there were six specialties which would have held statues of Sneferu. these were initially fitted with wooden entryways.
The valley sanctuary was encompassed by a substantial mudbrick divider. The clerics of the morgue religion constructed their homes against this divider.