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Some Interesting Facts about Anglo-Saxons

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Language

The Anglo-Saxons talked different Germanic vernaculars which in the end advanced into the language Old English, which is the immediate precursor of present day English.

photo via wikipedia
Page with Chi Rho monogram from the Gospel of Matthew in the Lindisfarne Gospels c. 700, possibly created by Eadfrith of Lindisfarne in memory of Cuthbert

A fourth of every single English word originate from Old English, in spite of the fact that these words are in all respects usually utilized for regular articles for instance day, night, light, indeed, he, she, god, cold and downpour.

Indeed, even today the nearest language to present day English is as yet Frisian, the language expressed in the north of the Netherlands by the relatives of the general population who turned into the Anglo-Saxons in Britain.

King Arthur

Knights, round tables and maids in trouble may in truth be on account of the Anglo-Saxons. The legend of King Arthur can be followed back to the Anglo-Saxon intrusion when the Celtic Britons were being driven out of their antiquated grounds by the new trespassers. The early type of the legend recounts a dream concerning a white and red mythical beast each speaking to the Saxons and the Britons.

photo via wikipedia
Æthelstan presenting a gospel book to (the long-dead) St Cuthbert (934); Corpus Christi College Cambridge MS 183, fol. 1v

This red winged serpent is still on the Welsh banner today. Others disclose to us that Arthur was a British sovereign who ceased the Saxons at the attack of Mount Badon, close cutting edge Bath. Whatever reality behind it every one of, the narratives of King Arthur and his knights are currently ageless works of art all through the world.

Mercenaries

In the wake of being crushed by the Normans in 1066, numerous Anglo-Saxons left Britain and cruised to cutting edge Constantinople to battle for the Byzantium Empire. The Varangian Guard was a tip top military unit set up by the Byzantine Empire in 874 AD as an individual watchman for Emperor Michael III.

photo via wikipedia
The Oseberg ship prow, Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway.

At first the unit had been comprised of Swedish Vikings who’d cruised down the waterways of Russia and Ukraine, however after the Norman Conquest expanding quantities of Anglo-Saxon Englishmen joined the world class unit to battle against the foes of the Last Roman Empire in the east. In 1088, 235 English and Danish boats cruised to Byzantium to join the Varangian Guard, which before long changed its name to “Englinbarrangoi” or “Somewhat English Varangian”.

Missionaries

At the point when the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain they revered the old Germanic Gods like Woden, Thunor and Frigg, commending the harvests and the spring and summer solstices while directing human and creature penances. Anyway this would change with the banished Northumbrian King Oswald who looked for asylum on Iona where he turned into a Christian. When he retook his kingdom from the Britons, the general population there were compelled to acknowledge their ruler’s new religion, changing over to Celtic Christianity which was conveyed to them by priests from Scotland and Ireland.

photo via wikipedia
Depiction of the Battle of Hastings (1066) on the Bayeux Tapestry

Before long all of England was Christian, yet they didn’t stop there, rather coming back to Europe, the spot their precursors had originated from. Numerous teachers, particularly from the northern kingdom of Northumbria went to the kingdoms of Frisia and Saxony to spread the gospel. While some were permitted to construct holy places and keep an eye on assemblies, others were less fortunate like the priest Boniface who met his end on account of energetic agnostics in the Frisian town of Dokkum where he was clubbed to death. In any event his endeavors made him a holy person.

Weekdays

The Anglo-Saxons gave us the names for our days of the week. Names like Monday signifying “Moon-Day”. Tuesday was Tiw, the one-furnished war-God’s Day and Wednesday, the day to pay tribute to their main God Woden, who was known as Odin to the Vikings.

photo via wikipedia
Panorama of the reconstructed 7th century village

Anyway the Viking God Thor was called Thunor in Old English, so Thursday is the main Viking based day of the week in the English language today. They additionally had names for the rest of the times of the week, Friday was “Frigeday” for Frigg, the Anglo-Saxon name for Venus, Saturday was “Saternusdag” and Sunday was “Sunnandag”.

The Last King

The last Anglo-Saxon ruler was covered in 1984. In AD. 975, a multi year old named Edward was delegated lord of England upon the passing of his dad Edgar. Edward was an awful tempered young fellow and was killed by his relative’s mom when visiting their family in 978.

photo via wikipedia
Anglo-Saxon king with his witan. Biblical scene in the Illustrated Old English Hexateuch (11th century)

He was covered the year after in Shaftsbury Abbey yet the grave was lost amid the disintegration of the religious communities in the sixteenth However it was rediscovered in 1931 and safeguarded in a bank vault until 1984 when the bones were reburied.


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