6,931 total views, 2 views today
Strabo was a Greek geographer and history specialist who lived more than two thousand years prior, in the beginning of the Roman Empire. He had a place with an affluent and eminent family and got a magnificent training, at first in Asia Minor and later in Rome. In Rome, he met a few vital men, for example, Aelius Gallus, who organized him the Roman citizenship.
Afterward, he went with Gallus to Egypt and after that went around the district widely. A while later, he came back to Rome where he lived for whatever remains of his life, considering and composing the authentic and physical attributes of the world he knew. The geology he composed was not just a portrayal of the geographical and political circumstance of that period yet in addition a depiction of the broadly acknowledged thought of the earth.
Sourced from his own particular experience, and information shared by awesome men of the past, it included every one of the groups and nations known to the Greeks and Romans amid the govern of Augustus. His work, ‘Geographica’, was an exceptionally significant accumulation of certainties and displayed a momentous understanding into the world as it appeared to proficient men in the Augustan Age.
Adolescence and Early Life
- Strabo was conceived in 64 or 63 BC. He had a place with a rich and wealthy family.
- He contemplated under the direction of the rhetorician, Aristodemus, at Nysa in Caria; Aristodemus was the previous coach of the children of Pompey (106– 48 BC).
- In 44 BC, he moved to Rome to contemplate with geographer Tyrannion, previous coach of Cicero, and with logician Xenarchus, subsidiary to the Aristotelian school.
- Afterward, he met thinker Athenodorus Cananites, previous guide of Octavius and companion and educator of the sovereign Augustus, who more likely than not, acquainted Strabo with what’s to come head’s circle and affected him to change over to Stoicism.
- Strabo again went by Rome in 35 BC and was there till 31 BC composing his initially significant work, ‘Recorded Sketches’, which was distributed around 20 BC. The work is presently lost and just a couple of citations have survived.
- The ‘Chronicled Sketches’ secured the historical backdrop of the known world from 145 BC that is, from the triumph of Greece by the Romans to the Battle of Actium (31 BC). It was planned to be an expansion of Polybius’ Histories.
- Then, more travel took after. In 31 BC, he went by Crete and in 29 BC he visited through Corinth, Greece, where Augustus was remaining. On his approach to Corinth, he went to the island of Gyaros in the Aegean Sea.
- From 25 to 20 BC, he put in five years in Alexandria and no doubt learned at the colossal library. In the meantime, at some point around 25 or 24 BC, he cruised up the Nile to the extent Philae in the organization of Marcus Aelius Gallus, the Roman senator.
- The following accessible reference to him is in 17 AD, when he went to the triumph of the Roman general Germanicus Caesar in Rome. He gave his most recent couple of years, from 14 AD to 21 AD, assembling his second essential work, his Geographical Sketches, ‘Geographica’.
- For composing his book on topography, he painstakingly chose valuable data from the past works of incredible insightful men. He likewise took a dynamic enthusiasm for the histories of various urban communities and states and refered to the bizarre geographical events of his period.
- ‘Geographica’ was his last significant work before he kicked the bucket several years after the fact.
- Strabo’s ‘Geographica’ comprises of 17 books. It was incorporated at some point between 14 AD and 21 AD, however a few sections were irrefutably composed in a before period. The books have survived totally, aside from the finish of book seven.
- In Geographica, he brought up mistakes in the guide composed by Greek researcher Eratosthenes (276 to 194 BC) and valued crafted by Polybius, antiquated creator of history and European topography. Aside from Polybius, he likewise sourced data from Poseidonius, Artemidorus, Apollodorus of Athens, Demetrius of Scepsis, et al while composing his book.
- His Historical Sketches secured the historical backdrop of the Greco-Roman world. It traversed over quite a long while beginning from the triumph of Greece by the Romans (145 BC) to the Battle of Actium (31 BC). It was outlined as a continuation of the immense work of the Greek history specialist Polybius. Despite the fact that now lost, it initially comprised of 43 books.
Individual Life and Legacy
- Strabo went far and wide; he ventured out from Armenia to Tuscany (inverse Sardinia), and from Black Sea to the boondocks of Ethiopia.
- He kicked the bucket around 24 AD, deserting a rich fortune of authentic and geological learning and knowledge.