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What is an Atlas?
A map book is a reference book of the land, political and other instructive data with respect to each piece of the world which fills various needs. The world chart book that is today effectively open in libraries and book shops has had an exceptionally distinctive history.
Story of Atlas the titan
Give us initial a chance to familiarize you with an intriguing old Greek story. Greek folklore comprises of endless stories about goliath creatures known as Titans. One such Titan was Atlas. Sometime in the distant past, it so happened that the Titans pursued a war against the Greek divine beings and lost. Every one of the Titans who took an interest in the war, at that point, needed to confront the divine beings’ rage. Chart book’s discipline was to hold the sky on his shoulders. Map book had no real option except to keep holding the sky up for a considerable length of time and years.
At some point, a legend named Hercules came to see him. Hercules was searching for certain brilliant apples and just Atlas knew where they developed. Along these lines, Hercules asked for Atlas to go and get the brilliant apples and offered to hold the sky in his nonappearance. Map book assented to encourage Hercules and went looking for the brilliant apples in the wake of moving the sky on Hercules’ shoulders. He before long returned with the brilliant apples, yet declined to take the sky back on his shoulders from Hercules. Truly, who might need to reclaim an occupation like that? Hercules at that point thought of a trap and asked for Atlas to hold the sky for some time so he could simply put a few cushions on his shoulders to be more agreeable. Chart book consented to do as such and when Atlas reclaimed the sky, Hercules vamoosed from that point with the brilliant apples. What’s more, along these lines, Atlas was indeed compelled to hold the sky on his shoulders till time everlasting.
Around 500 years back, in 1585, Gerardus Mercator, a famous cartographer from Germany made a book of maps. On the main page of the book, this well known story of Atlas was described. As far back as at that point, a book of maps has been called an Atlas.
Story of Atlas the lord
Another prevalent view is that the place where there is Mauritania (In the mainland of Africa) was once controlled by King Atlas, who was an incredible mathematician, scholar and space expert who had imagined the principal divine globe. Gerardus Mercator initially considered his accumulation of maps as a ‘Chart book’ to respect this unbelievable ruler.
Whatever might be reality, one thing is certain that the word ‘Chart book’ owes its birthplace to both of the above stories. Presently let us continue further to know how the old maps appeared.
Story of ‘Map book’ the book
It is said that the principal printed accumulation of maps was delivered in AD 150 by the famous geographer of those occasions, Claudius Ptolemy. It contained 27 hand-drawn maps. Over some undefined time frame, early cartographers and geographers began presenting amendments and changes in the further proliferations of the maps. Be that as it may, the understudies of topography and cartography (craft of making maps) confronted a great deal of issues while examining these maps in light of the absence of consistency of sizes of different maps. It was a monotonous activity to ponder maps as rolling and unrolling of expansive maps was exceptionally troublesome.
Indeed, even in the mid 1500s, the geology of the globe was once in a while known to anybody. It was uncertain whether America was a piece of Asia, if there was an immense assemblage of ocean at the highest point of the world or if Australia was associated with Antarctica. The creation of planes was a few centuries away, so there was no simple method for discovering what the world looked like from above.
Cartographers needed to gather, acclimatize and facilitate the topographical data given by voyagers and mariners who continued cruising the world over. They used to envision themselves gliding noticeable all around, and looking down at the world from the statures of paradise. This earned them the wrath of a few religious organizations. Maps were tore separated, cartographers’ homes were vandalized and their lives were debilitated. Some overcome heart cartographers strikingly confronted such difficulties and endeavored determinedly to devise better approaches for making maps.
Gerardus Mercator and Abraham Ortelius
Gerardus Mercator and Abraham Ortelius were two such men. They were German from starting point and cooperated as partners. Mercator was a mathematician and cartographer who was talented in the craft of making maps and had an affinity for inventive reasoning. Ortelius was a prepared and profoundly gifted craftsman/expert. In 1554, they wandered into the matter of purchasing and offering maps. Mercator used to gather and concentrate the maps while Ortelius enhanced their fringes and mounted them on silk and rendered them in shading.
Mercator before long thought of his reality delineate, it had one dreadful downside. It was colossal! It was implied just to be held tight a divider and was not convenient. Each old guide was pretty much like that! With the end goal to incorporate the names of the littlest of spots and make them meaningful too, the guide must be extensive in size. It so happened that one day a customer named Hooftman came to meet Mercator and Ortelius and requesting that they devise an approach to cleave the tremendous smooth sheets into littler pieces and distribute the guide of the world in a book.
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum
Ortelius gathered the best maps around with the assistance of Mercator and made the book that their customer Hooftman had requested. In 1570, Ortelius made the principal Atlas. In any case, he didn’t name it ‘Map book’ at first. He called it ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum’ (theater of the round world) and it had 53 uniform-sized maps in it.
This book of maps sold like hot cakes and a few enhanced variants of this book before long hit the market. Ortelius wound up celebrated and individuals began regarding him for his cartography abilities.
In 1585, Mercator distributed the main volume of his own reality delineate book shape and titled this new book as ‘Chart book, or Cosmographical Meditations upon the Creation of the Universe’. The narrative of the fanciful Atlas, as said previously, was composed on the principal page of this book. Presently you know how the little book of maps that you consistently convey in your school pack, was conceived.