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Egypt, before the beginning of history was overflowing with trees. Of these trees are the petrified backwoods that are close to the Giza pyramids and adjacent to El Mokattam level. Egyptian Pharaohs planted trees and dealt with them. They brought dark wood from the Sudan, pine and cedar from Syria. Egyptian Pharaohs planted sant trees, sycamore, lotus products of the soil.
At the season of the Crusades, Egypt had given careful consideration to developing wood trees, to assemble marine armada. There were 20,000 feddans of trees developed on both sides of Nile from Gerga to Aswan. The Ayobians planted woodlands in Upper Egypt from Beni Swif to Assuit. Before the end of the Crusades, there were little consideration paid for planting wood trees, until Mohamed Ali El Kabeer took the rule of Egypt. He was worried about planting wood trees to assemble the Egyptian armada.
At present there is awesome consideration paid to developing trees on the homesteads’ fringes, street sides, channels, waste, around towns, on the sandy slopes close to the Mediterranean shores, particularly the multi-purposes trees, for example, sycamore, mulberry, lotus among others.
These trees give foods grown from the ground wind shields; giving shade, air filtration, delivering wood for the reasons for carpentry, fuel and making coal.
The History of Sycamore in Egypt
Sycamore trees have been developed since quite a while. Pharaohs called them Nehet. The most seasoned sycamore tree in Egypt is in Matarria and is known as Virgin Mary Tree. Sycamore tree lives long and bears sun presentation and stickiness. Old Egyptians utilized them as a part of making the wood landmarks, for example, the statue of the head of the town from the Fourth Dynasty. In the season of Mohamed Ali El Kabeer, sycamore tree was utilized as a part of making the bases for cannons units.
Sycamores exist in every single Egyptian area of Delta and Upper Egypt, likewise in the desert springs. It is viewed as a prominent organic product in towns. Sycamore wood has uncommon qualities if submerged in water. It is utilized much of the time as a part of making water wheels, water wells furthermore agrarian apparatuses. These trees are lovely and shady, so they are developed on wide street sides.
Sycamore is an ever green extensive tree. Its tallness achieves 20 meters, when it is completely developed. Its branches spread evenly over a distance across going 15-20 meters, accordingly it is planted in 15-20 meters separating. The organic product is carried on exceptional branches that originate from green branches. Blossoms show up in sycamore when the age of the tree is running from 5 to 6 years of age. Sycamore natural product resemble fig in structure and structure.
There are three principle seasons for sycamore: the main season in the start of April, the second in the start of May and the third in the start of June. The natural product proceeds pitifully, particularly in winter and pre-winter. An operation is typically keep running for organic products called circumcision in the early morning or evening when the age of the natural product ranges for 20 to 25. They make parts in the highest points of organic product whose measurement stretches out from 1.5 to 2 cm2.
As the sycamore doesn’t give seeds in Egypt so its multiplication is affected by transplants planted toward the end of February and in March. This is the fitting time for expansion of trees. Sycamore develops quick under states of earth moistness. At the point when the tree achieves the time of multiplication, the cultivators make circle around the tree by beating. Sorts of sycamore are:
- The Turkish sycamore which is enormous and is evenly multiplied. The leaves are wide, with short neck. The natural product is extensive in size with 4.5 cm distance across which ranges from 6 to 7 cm and the shading is carnation and its taste is great.
The Dog Sycamore is called Arabian. It multiplies not exactly the principal kind. Its natural product is little in size, pear-like in structure with blur shading. The harvest is late when contrasted with the Turkish sycamore.
The Lotus Tree
The first local spot of lotus tree is south Europe and Hemallaya moutons north of China. It is actually developed in Egypt in the Sinai landmass, Elba mouton, Nubia, other than Ethiopia and the Arabian promontory.
One of the biggest valleys in Sinai is known as the Valley of Lotus, as it is developed in Egypt since the most established ages. It was referred to the Egyptian Pharaohs as Nebes. In the past in Egypt, lotus organic product was developed in all houses, in their yards. Lotus trees these days develop in Upper Egypt.
The Doom Tree
The first local nation of fate is the Congo. It is likewise experienced childhood in the desert of Hegaz. Fate trees are planted on the Nile banks in Nubia, and the Dakhela and Kharja Oases, additionally in Dendara, confronting Qena, Aswan and in the Sudan in Kerdefan.
Fate development prospered at the times of Pharaohs. It was called “Mother en Khenet”. Fate trees were framed with the landmarks in the age back to 1500 years BC. Fate tree limbs are utilized as roof for structures, since they are more grounded than palm tree limbs, as they are firmly blended and interweaved. Fate can hold up under the impact of water. The Pharaohs utilized fate tree limbs amid vessel stumbles on the River Nile.
The Mulberry Tree
The root of Mulberry in Egypt is the north of China. From that point, its trees moved to Central Asia, Afghanistan, north of India, Pakistan, Iran and the Middle East. The word mulberry is liable to be initially Indian, however then moved to Persian and Arab. There was more enthusiasm for mulberry at the times of Mohamed Ali El Kabeer.